Research Article| Volume 99, 105763, October 2022

Elasticity change of the paravertebral fascia and muscle in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis after posterior selective fusion surgery


      • Elasticity of paraspinal fascia and muscle is assessed in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.
      • Elasticity of the concave muscle increases after posterior fusion surgery.
      • Variation of elastic asymmetry after surgery is different in each part of curve.



      We sought to assess the elasticity change of the paravertebral fascia and muscle in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients with Lenke Type 1, 2, or 3 curves after posterior selective fusion surgery.


      The shear wave elasticity imaging system was used to assess the elasticity of the thoracic paravertebral muscles and fascia both on the concave and convex sides. Three regions of interest, including the apex, upper end, and lower end of the main curve, were tested.


      Ten female patients, with an average age of 16.6 ± 2.7 years old, were included. The average post-operation follow-up period was 9.0 ± 2.4 months. The Cobb angle was significantly corrected from 63.6 ± 12.0° to 10.7 ± 5.4° (p < 0.05). The length of the trunk increased from 40.4 ± 2.5 cm to 46.0 ± 2.8 cm (p < 0.05). The elasticity of deep fascia didn't show a significant change post-operation (p > 0.05). The elasticity of the paravertebral muscle on the concave side had a significant increase at the final follow-up (p < 0.05). The elasticity of the paravertebral muscle on the convex side also increased at the upper end (p < 0.05). The elasticity asymmetry of the deep fascia decreased, but the elasticity asymmetry of the paravertebral muscle increased at the upper end of the curve (p < 0.05).


      The paravertebral muscle on the concave side is stiffer after surgery. Elastic asymmetry of paravertebral muscle increased and elastic asymmetry of the deep fascia decreased at the upper end of the curvature. Further study is needed to elucidate the mechanism by which the paravertebral soft tissue responds after surgery.


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