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The assessment of lower extremity peripheral artery disease impact on body mass center disorders

      Highlights

      • Lower extremity peripheral artery disease impact on body mass center disorders.
      • Evaluation of body mass center position in lower extremity peripheral artery disease.
      • Posture disorders resulted from the lower extremity peripheral artery disease.
      • Physical rehabilitation of patients with lower extremity peripheral artery disease.

      Abstract

      Background

      Lower extremity peripheral artery disease is a problem of contemporary medicine and along with the ischemic heart disease it is considered to be a civilization disease. The risk of the disease increases significantly within a group of people reaching the age of 55 years and is closely related to co-occurring hazardous factors, such as diabetes, hyperlipidemia, hypertension or tobacco smoking. The first symptom reported by patients is intermittent claudication. Such symptoms may indicate that lower extremity peripheral artery disease does have an impact on posture disorders and motor skills.

      Methods

      The study covered four stages. The first stage involved medical interviews to obtain information regarding anthropometry, age, motor organ surgery, concomitant diseases and the lifestyle. In the following stage the value of the ankle brachial index for both lower limbs were calculated. In case of symptomatic patients, additionally, the location of artery stenosis/aortoiliac section, was verified. The third stage involved using a dynamometric platform for determination of the body mass center position for both studied groups. In the fourth stage a treadmill walk test was used to assess the participants for intermittent claudication.

      Findings

      Based on the obtained results, an attempt was taken to observe the relationship between the clinical characteristics of the disease and the body mass center position deviations. Interpretation: The attempt was undertaken to assess whether the measurement of body mass center position might be a diagnostic parameter to evaluate the patient's condition and thus an indication for taking a decision for surgical treatment or rehabilitation.

      Keywords

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