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Foot and ankle kinematics in chronic ankle instability subjects using a midfoot strike pattern when running, including influence of taping

  • Kevin Deschamps
    Correspondence
    Corresponding author at: Weligerveld 1, 3212 Pellenberg, Belgium.
    Affiliations
    KU Leuven, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation Research Group, Belgium

    KU Leuven, Laboratory for Clinical Motion Analysis, University Hospital Pellenberg, Belgium

    Parnasse-ISEI, Department of Podiatry, Avenue E. Mounier, 84, 1200 Bruxelles, Belgium

    Artevelde University College Ghent, Department of Podiatry, Ghent, Belgium
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  • Giovanni Arnoldo Matricali
    Affiliations
    KU Leuven, Department of Development & Regeneration, Belgium

    UZ Leuven, Dept. of Orthopaedics, Foot & Ankle Unit, University Hospitals Leuven, Belgium

    KU Leuven, Institute for Orthopaedic Research and Training (IORT), Leuven, Belgium
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  • Bart Dingenen
    Affiliations
    KU Leuven, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation Research Group, Belgium
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  • Jente De Boeck
    Affiliations
    KU Leuven, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation Research Group, Belgium
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  • Sarah Bronselaer
    Affiliations
    KU Leuven, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation Research Group, Belgium
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  • Filip Staes
    Affiliations
    KU Leuven, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation Research Group, Belgium
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      Highlights

      • Sagittal plane rearfoot kinematics should be assessed in patients with ankle instability
      • Frontal plane midfoot range of motion is reduced by both taping techniques
      • High-dye taping seems to affect the propulsive characteristics of the rearfoot0020

      Abstract

      Background

      Investigate differences in multi-segment foot kinematics between controls and participants with chronic ankle instability during running with a midfoot striking pattern and to evaluate the effect of Low-Dye and High-Dye taping.

      Methods

      Three-dimensional multi-segment foot kinematics of 12 controls and 15 participants with chronic ankle instability were collected while running barefoot, and in both taping conditions. Ranges of motion occurring at each joint, each sub phase of stance, were compared between groups and between taping conditions (0-dimensional inference). Kinematic data were also compared using one-dimensional statistical parametric mapping.

      Findings

      The symptomatic group demonstrated while barefoot running a significantly decreased rearfoot dorsiflexion range of motion during the peak impact phase as well as a less dorsiflexed position from 6 to 12% of the running cycle. During the absorption and generation phase, the symptomatic group also showed a significantly increased rearfoot dorsiflexion and adduction motion as well as an increased midfoot inversion motion. In the peak impact phase of both taping conditions, a decreased midfoot inversion motion was found. The High-Dye taping resulted in a decreased rearfoot plantarflexion motion whereas the Low-Dye caused a decreased midfoot inversion motion.

      Interpretation

      Persons with chronic ankle instability seem to have altered rearfoot and midfoot kinematics while running with a midfoot striking index. High-Dye taping seems to have better therapeutic features than Low-Dye taping.

      Keywords

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